Natural resource management is central to Dahari’s objectives because rural Comorian communities rely on natural resources to meet their daily needs and for their agricultural and economic activities. The degradation of these resources is the result of intense human pressure. Between 2000 and 2010, the Comoroshad the highest rate of deforestation in the world.
It is for this reason that Dahari works with partner communities to develop participatory systems to manage the key natural resources, namely water, soil and forests.
OBJECTIVE Of NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Our natural resource management approach aims to support village initiatives to sustainably manage natural resources. We offer assistance through identifying achievable concrete actions achievable in the short- or medium-term that are based on existing collective structures or dynamics. We ensure that these actions can be performed without imposing processes or structures that would not be understood and/or supported by the communities.
JUSTIFICATION OF THE APPROACH
Between 2008 and 2013, the Engagement Communautaire pour le Développement Durable project(ECDD) conducted research across rural communities and tested different collective initiatives in the nine villages around the Moya forest in the south of Anjouan. The results of this research and testing showed that rural communities in Anjouan have progressively become less cohesive and structured over the years, which makes any form of collective action difficult.In addition, the degradation of natural resources has increased significantly as a consequence of over exploitation of the land, a lack of alternatives to agriculture and a growing population, among other factors. To provide for their daily needs, communities undertake activities that produce immediate economic results, without thinking of the needs of future generations. All previous natural resource management norm shave disappeared, leaving communities with weak collective decision-making structures.